The Lost Pueblo of Chichilticalli

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The Coronado expedition was the first to report on the abandoned Pueblos of the Southern Southwest. If the ruins he called “Chichilticalli” were located they may shed some light on what happened to the people that lived here.

Apr
26

Checklist for Chichilticalli Searchers

Over the years a lot of people have searched for Chichilticalli and the list of potential sites is long and all over the map. From Casa Grande to Young, AZ, the Safford Valley and the Sulphur Springs Valley. Emil Haury thought it was in the Arivaipa Valley north of Willcox and Charles DiPeso thought it was […]

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Jun
08

What Does Chichilticalli Mean?

In both Zuni and Hopi traditions the color red represents the south. Hopi mythology tells of a Red City of the South, Palatkwapi literal meaning “red city” and many have assumed either the city or the surrounding countryside was red in color, but since red is used to represent the south, red could merely imply the direction in […]

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Apr
20

The Chichilticalli Trail Part IV – The Map

In my previous post I discussed the passage of the main body of the expedition and the various narratives we have of their passage. Now I will attempt to put together all the information from the all the various sources into one composite itinerary for this leg of the journey. Then I will overlay that […]

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Jul
17

The Chichilticalli Trail Part III – The Expedition

In my previous post I discussed the passage of Cabeza de Vaca, Marcos de Niza and Melchor Díaz, now let’s examine the passage of the main body of the expedition. Itinerery Coronado left the Valley of Hearts on or around May 31 (arrived on May 26, rested 4 days) and travelled the 80 leagues to […]

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Jul
09

The Chichilticalli Trail Part II – The Pathfinders

Read part I here While everyone likes to point out that Coronado was following established trade routes, it is not mentioned often enough who chose the route. The route Coronado followed was the same as that traversed by Fray Marcos de Niza the year before, and to a large extent, the same as that followed […]

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Jun
24

The Chichilticalli Trail Part I – An Overview

Much has been written about  and much conjecture has taken place concerning Coronado’s path through Northern Sonora and Southern Arizona. I will now attempt to spell out my ideas on this route through several installments on this blog. Many scholars that have undertaken to trace Coronado’s route have the advantages of an understanding of medieval Spanish, or […]

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